Services for Justice Involved Girls: A “One Size Fits All” Approach is Not the Answer
Girls follow many pathways into the juvenile justice system. They are more likely than their male counterparts to enter the system for a lesser infraction or crime, or to be more harshly punished for even a minor probation violation. Girls in the juvenile justice system are more likely than boys to have been sexually and/or physically abused, have a history of running away and have a mental health issue.
A “one size fits all” approach for services provided to justice-involved youth does not work. Services designed around developmental or rehabilitative issues facing boys miss the mark for girls. The failure to provide services specifically designed for girls can cause a spike in recidivism.
Recent research shows that there is a high proportion of unmet needs for all justice-involved girls before, during and after the time that they are in contact with the juvenile justice system. Girls who are developmentally challenged are especially underserved due to a lack of understanding and awareness coupled with a severe shortage of appropriate programs and supports.
Service Failures Lead to Reoffending
Service gaps and failures can lead girls to become chronically involved with the criminal justice system, relying on public assistance for longer periods and experiencing adverse health outcomes. The goal of the juvenile justice system should be to reduce the factors interfering with justice involved girls to become contributing members of society. This often involves ensuring access to high quality girl-centered therapeutic services.
- Allocate recurring funding for Girls Matter: Continuity of Care Model: This proven model developed in NE Florida improves access to therapeutic services and advocacy within a continuity of care for girls who are on probation, in detention, in residential placement or transitioning back to the local community.
- Invest in programs that are gender specific and address developmental disabilities: Gender specific programming, therapeutic service and aftercare for girls post-contact with the juvenile justice system will improve long-term outcomes.
- Increase awareness about the issues facing girls: Citizens support specialized services to girls, but lack information in order to take action.
- To follow 2017-18 legislation regarding this issue visit our Juvenile Justice/Girls Reform Legislative Center page for real time updates.
The Children’s Campaign Priority Bill Highlights
What The Children’s Campaign is Saying…
- Breaking New Ground on the First Coast: Examining Girls’ Pathways into the Juvenile Justice System—The Delores Barr Weaver Policy Center. Examines available services provided to justice-involved girls and their different pathways into the system, as well as the specific services needed.
- See the Change: Girls’ Juvenile Justice Trends on the First Coast—The Delores Barr Weaver Policy Center. Compares trends and data for boys and girls in juvenile justice system. Exposes rates of recidivism, probation, arrests and transfers to adult court.
- DJJ-DCF Profile of Dually-Served Crossover Youth—Department of Children and Families and Department of Juvenile Justice. Comparative examination of youth arrested to the general population, and those with currently receiving Department of Children and Families ‘out of home’ protective services placements.
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