Child Health Care: Facts and Figures

Birth

  • Florida has an infant mortality rate of 6.2 infant deaths per 1000 births in 2013.
  • There was also an increase in the percentage of low-birth weight babies, with more than 55,220 low birth weight babies born in 2013.
  • Low-birth weight is a risk factor for infant and child mobility, developmental delays, or chronic health problems.
  • Beginning prenatal care in the first trimester can provide a pregnant woman the best chance of a healthy pregnancy.
  • Almost 30.1% of pregnant women in Florida do not begin receiving prenatal care in their first trimester.

Did You Know?

Beginning prenatal care in the first trimester can provide a pregnant woman the best chance of a healthy pregnancy.

Prevention/Insurance

  • As of 2010, persons under the age of five made up 5.7% of Florida’s population.
  • 14% or 590,000 of Florida’s children are un-insured, while the national average is 10%.
  • Children with ongoing health insurance are more likely to have a medical home, be up-to-date on immunizations, and use the emergency room less for care.
  • An average of about 25.3% of Florida’s 19-35 month olds had not received the recommended number of immunizations for the 4:3:1:3 series that includes immunizations for diphtheria, tetanus, and polio.
  • At least 11% of children had not met the recommended immunization level for chicken pox immunizations
  • Over 7.5 million children nationally are uninsured.
  • Investments in school nurses and health care for child care programs can help in early identification and treatment of children with special needs.
  • The recommended nurse-to-student ratio is 1 to 750 students, in 2009, Florida’s school health service nurse to student ratio was 1 to 2,537, ranking Florida 48nd in the nation.
  • According to early estimates by the Center for Disease Control’s 2011 National Health Interview Survey, children aged 0–17 years were more than three times as likely as adults to be members of families that had problems paying medical bills.
  • Almost 21.3% of children were members of families that had problems paying medical bills.

Did You Know?

Almost 24% of children were members of families that had problems paying medical bills.

Obesity

  • 1 out of 3 kids in the United States is considered overweight or obese.
  • The percentage of obese children has increased from 7% in 1980 to 31% in 2012.
  • Children who are overweight as adolescents are at greater risk of obesity as adults, and for life-shortening adult health problems such as: cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, gallbladder disease, and some cancers.

Did You Know?

1 out of 3 kids in the United States is considered overweight or obese.

Adoption

  • In Florida, there were 19,531 children living in Foster care in 2012.
  • In 2012, 40% of Children in Florida’s Foster Care system were between the ages of 1 and 5.
  • 10% of Children Exiting Foster Care age out and are Emancipated.

Did You Know?

Florida ranks in the bottom five states for mental health access.

Dental Health

  • Tooth decay affects children in the United State more than any other chronic infectious disease.
  • Tooth decay is common, but children living in poverty suffer from twice as much tooth decay as children living in wealthier families, because their disease is more likely to go untreated.
  • Only 40% of children enrolled in Medicaid received dental care in 2010.

Did You Know?

Only 23.5% of children enrolled in Medicaid received dental care in 2008.

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